For the OER class we watched a brief video from Dr. Wiley on Open Content licensing and the moral foundations for making learning artifacts open and available to learners. The history of the OCL license developed by Dr. Wiley, and then the subsequent revisions of the licenses showed the growth and acceptance of the concept of openness in education. The emergence of Nupedia which was the forerunner of Wikipedia followed the concept of open licensing educational content.
I asked Dr. Wiley what he
felt was most important to take away from the open content discussion
and he said that understanding the "four Rs" in the OPL was important.
The four Rs define different layers of licensing rights that the rights
holder can use when licensing the content. The four Rs are reuse,
revise, remix, and redistribute. Each of the Rs allow increasing rights
to licensees to modify and distribute the licensed content.
The first R, reuse, allows the user to make copies of the licensed content and allows reuse in its unaltered, verbatim form..
The second R, revise, allows the user to make revisions by adapting. adjusting, modifying, or altering the content (such as translation to another language).
The third R, remix, allows the user to mix the original content with other content to create something new (like a mashup).
The fourth R, redistribute, allows the user to share copies of the content with revisions and remixes with others.
My feeling is that there is a moral foundation that would promote the use of open publication licenses so that learning is made available to students around the world. This foundation is supported by the limited costs to publish and provide access to the publications with today's technology. It is further supported by the fact that knowledge is nonrivalrous which allows the content creator to share that content, or knowledge, without losing the knowledge that I have gained. The sharing of content that results in learning is a noble effort that advances all mankind.